Diy Reef Aquarium Sumps

Sumps are being used more and more in aquariums nowadays. The reason is that a lot of the required equipment can be hidden from view in the aquarium sump. Equipment such as protein skimmers, heaters, calcium reactors etc.

A lot of people nowadays are using sumps as a place to install either primary or additional filtration methods.

Examples of these are mud beds, deep sand beds and refugiums.

The trouble with installing a type of filtration in the sump is that accommodating this where equipment is also to be installed means that the sump needs to be modified in one way or another.

Aquarists are looking at creating DIY reef aquarium sumps so that this can be performed, and with patience is easily accomplished.

To make DIY reef aquarium sumps you will first need to plan and even draw what you hope to accomplish. Once this is done you need to obtain a basic aquarium of the relevant size as well as some glass or acrylic.

To make the required partitions you will need to cut the glass or acrylic. If you do not feel comfortable with cutting glass then a glass merchant will do this for you. Remember to take accurate measurements with you. When taking the measurements ensure that you leave a small gap between the partitions and the inner side of the sump.

Once the glass or acrylic is cut make sure that the edges are a clean cut. If they are not then it will be harder to attach them.

Now is where your patience will be tested.

For the next step you will require some aquarium sealant. Using a sealant gun place a bead around where the partition will be and gently push the glass or acrylic into place. The sealant should push put from around the sides – don’t worry about this at the moment. Check all the edges to ensure that there is enough sealant in place – we don’t want any leaks.

When you are happy that there is enough sealant in place leave the sealant to cure. Once cured you can use a sharp blade to tidy up the edges. Very carefully cut the spill over away, taking care not to cut into the core bead. Of course you do not need to do this if you don’t want to – some aquarists leave it as it is. Personally I like to make it as tidy as possible.

Once all the partitions etc have been created, and the sealant is cured and tidied up, fill the aquarium with water and check that it does not leak. I would recommend filling one partition at a time and checking for leaks – of course it does depend upon your design.

If you plan your design and take your time then you should hopefully be ok. If you do not feel comfortable at first why not practice on some old glass first.

DIY reef aquarium sumps are not that hard to make but the complexity of the design depends upon what you hope to achieve.

Phase Transformers – Understanding The Components

phase transformers let us to utilize a wide assortment of appliances, equipment, tools, gadgets and everything that operates on electrical power. Transformers have enormously enhanced our capability to work with different electrical machines and domestic devices. They convert voltages and frequencies into the necessary amounts, which tends to make electrical power safer to manage. Without transformers serving as mediums, electrical energy delivered into our houses and businesses would not be doable and some appliances may not even exist. You can find several varieties of transformers that may be purchased at local electric shops and appliance centers, like low voltage transformers, AC transformers, custom transformers and the rest. One specific kind of transformer that proves to be fascinating is the 3 Phase transformer. It is not simply an AC or DC transformer, but one where the three phases clearly makes this type one of the most complicated ones.

A 3 phase transformer is often a transformer that’s normally utilized in energy distribution systems. These are the larger and bulkier transformers usually identified in electrical power producing corporations that are arranged in columns or groups. These transformers facilitate the transport of energy through the electrical distribution systems. In this kind of transformer, there are 3 sets of primary and secondary coils, wrapped around every single leg of a predefined iron core. You can find a number of combinations that can be made from these three sets of coils that are defined by the requirement for larger voltage or for higher reliability. The structure of the 3 units of coils is governed by the idea of appropriate phase relationships between the phase windings. Any such transformer is a lot more difficult than a straightforward DC transformer or an AC transformer in single phase due to the possibility of combinations and how it operates.

A 3 phase transformer has its very own positive aspects. The combinations supplied by any such transformer supply increased efficiency, which can utilize either multiple voltages or greater reliability. These transformers are simplified versions and better alternatives than making use of single-phase transformers linked together and carrying out the job of scaling down or scaling up voltages typical of that found in 3 phase devices. This type of transformer only needs a smaller variety of components, smaller in sizes and ones that are lighter than their modular alternatives. The configuration of the transformer with 3 phases, in reality, gives better reliability simply because if one winding fails to execute, the other two windings can nonetheless transport the full line voltage for the load. These transformers can deliver voltages and frequencies over long distances and produce an output of higher superiority.

On the other hand, you’ll find also a number of disadvantages of this sort of transformer. The transformer itself is basically composed of three single phase transformers with a special configuration and if a single of these transformers stores a pair of primary and secondary coils, the efficiency of the whole transformer will probably be affected, especially the current and voltage load. The configurations can also be very complex and difficult to comprehend; a large amount of time is needed to completely master the configurations. The electrical power ought to also be equivalent to the incoming electrical power to transform the electrical energy towards the desired voltage and frequency.

A 3 phase transformer is a great leap up from the conventional transformers used at home. In fact, it has enormously revolutionized power distribution and machinery operation with its different positive aspects.

Design Space Exotically With Modern Home Furniture

Modernism has been spreading to every corner of the world and this has made people look for chances to renovate their home as per the style changes. Whenever a need is felt to change the settings of the home; first thing that clicks the mind is to buy modern home furniture. Now, what is this modern furniture? When a person visits the furniture market or any online store, he or she gets to check out something exclusive and not traditional in touch at all. Recently, the sofa sets with curved steel pipes on the edges is the most preferable one. Indeed, the designs with these steel pipes can be modified in various styles to give appealing patterns.

Certainly, home furnishing online also involves a variety of tables, chairs, trolleys and wracks that look extensively magnificent. With the ongoing trend, the interior designers are coming up with tables that are designed with a combination of wood and glass or wrought iron and glass. In fact, the glass top is modified in different shapes to stylize the furnishing that can adorn an important part of the home. After all, everyone wants that they should get a whole lot of appreciation for excellent interiors, which can only happen with buying home furnishing online. Apart from the use of glass, the buyers can also buy table online that is shaped artistically with glass edges to keep the stuff.

Well, the need for modern home furniture is felt because people are getting style conscious and there is a race to own exclusive masterpieces. However, the home can be decorated with furnishings depicting a theme too. If the buyer is willing to give a contemporary look to the home; then, English style theme is the perfect to suit the taste. In giving this style, the person would require curio, wooden cabinets and armoires that are designed with glass or china. Wooden work is the essential material in homes highlighted in the English style. Also, this kind of style also talks about stylized furniture in bright fabrics, complimented with plaid, striped, floral and paisley designs.

Now that the world is moving so fast that a person hardly gets time to roam around in furniture shops to see what they want. So, this has necessitated for the use of online method as it allows the purchaser to look a variety of designs with one click and also compare the price range of various online stores to get the most affordable deal.

Home Interior Accessories–where To Start From

Home accessories comprise every single item that an individual would be requiring to add a new and fresh look to the interiors. The home interior accessories play an important role in making your dream home complete. Discussed below are few things that one must know about home accents and home furnishings.

The first thing that you need to know is about the home furnishings. There are various kinds of linen, fittings, furniture and other home accessories used for beautifying and decorating purposes. Home furnishing items include a wide array of furnishing fabrics, bedspreads, rugs, curtains, carpets, durries, cushion covers, placemats, table covers and much more.

You also need to have an idea about the materials required for home dcor purpose. For the wide variety of modern home accessories and home dcor furnishings, the base fabrics that are used are mainly the same. The materials which are generally used are silk, polyester and cotton that comes with embroidery and patchwork. Many furnishings are even made of suede, cashmere, silk, wool and linen. Mats and rugs are made of weed, coir, rice straws and wheat. The fabric materials apart from being beautiful also must be easy to use and soft.

When you are looking to decorate a home, it may be difficult for you to know where to start from. However, if you are looking for modern home interior accessories and furniture, there are plenty of options to choose from for creating the right look.

One of the main essentials that brighten up any room in a home is accent pillows. They can be used in the living room, bedroom, den or even a home office. Most of the modern patterns include bright and bold colors, artistic prints and fun patterns. These pillows are available in various sizes and shapes. So, you can make your selection according to your preference.

A vase also adds a personal touch to the home dcor. All kinds of modern vases are available in the market. So, whether you are looking for something unique and more edgy made of wood or something classic made of china or porcelain, you can choose to dcor your room with a modern vase. By decorating your home with planters or vases, you can bring in plants or flowers into your house, giving it a more vibrant and greener atmosphere.

Another home accessory item which gives a contemporary flair to a room is a clock. There are several desk clocks and wall clocks available in the market. Some are quite simple whereas others have a stylish and elegant look. Some clocks can even save energy by their automatic power saving function. These timepieces not only tell time but can also accentuate the beauty of your room or the wall where it is displayed.

You can also find a wide variety of modern home accessories for your kitchen. Things such as pepper mills, knives, coffee makers and others come in modern designs.

IRS Revenue Procedure 2011-14 Energy efficiency and claiming the 179D deduction

The 179D tax deduction came about as part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct). Congress wanted to incentivize the utilization of energy-efficiency components in a building to one of the following parties:

1.The owner of the building
2.The tenant
3.The primary designer of an energy-efficient government building. (Architect, engineer, contractor etc.)

The deduction available is up to $.60 per sq./ft. for lighting, HVAC and building envelope, creating potential for $1.80 per sq./ft. if all three components qualify. These deductions are applicable to buildings that were either built or retrofitted after 12/31/2005.

Since EPAct came into effect, the IRS has provided interim guidance on EPAct deductions through several additional notices. IRS Notice 2006-52 describes in detail the rules and how to ensure a building qualifies if it was a new build or a retrofit. It requires the taxpayer to obtain certification that the property satisfies the energy efficiency requirements of 179D and specifies the software that must be used to calculate energy and power consumption. To further the cause, the IRS issued Notice 2008-40, which allowed a government building (non-taxpaying entity) to pass the deduction to the “primary designer” of the qualifying assets.

Until recently, taxpayers looking to claim the 179D deduction were limited by the three year statute of limitations for filing amended income tax returns for a particular tax year. That has changed with the issuance of Revenue Procedure 2011-14, which will allow some taxpayers to bypass this statute of limitations and claim this deduction all the way back to 1/1/2006 without filing one single amended income tax return. Taxpayers who wish to take the deduction without amending any returns will file a Form 3115 (Application for Change in Accounting Method) and will get to take the entire “catch up” deduction on the return that is being filed. This means that a taxpayer could potentially claim deductions from 2006-2010 (or 2011) all on one return and significantly reduce their tax burden, if not eliminate it altogether.

Deciding whether or not to amend returns or file for a Change in Accounting Method (Form 3115) is entirely dependent upon each taxpayers situation. If taxable income was higher in open years and therefore the taxpayer was in a higher tax bracket, it still may make sense to amend those returns. The impact of Revenue Procedure 2011-14 will also depend on whether or not any deductions have already been claimed or returns have been amended. A thorough analysis of each taxpayers scenario by an advisor experienced in 179D is advantageous to determining the best approach and claiming the maximum deduction allowed under the law.

Can Nuclear Get Greener The Green Benefits Of Depleted Uranium De-conversion

Nuclear power as a sustainable, environmentally-sound source of electricity is enjoying a comeback in terms of public opinion, but it still faces public and environmental challenges. On the one hand, the near zero-carbon emissions characteristic of nuclear power plants is attractive to industry and environmentalists alike. On the other hand, concerns remain about potentially-harmful environmental effects of the uranium-based fuels that make it possible.
Nearly all of the concern with nuclear power has focused upon the back end of the fuel cycle, namely the storage and disposal of spent fuel as high-level waste. While spent fuel has been the major focus issue surrounding nuclear power, there is actually another disposal issue at the front end of the fuel cycle: that of dealing with the large quantities of depleted uranium hexafluoride, which is a by-product of the uranium enrichment process.

Since the beginning of the nuclear power era approximately 60 years ago, there has never been an economical solution for the management of the large quantities of these depleted UF6 tails. And yet, an anticipated shift in the near future from foreign to domestic enrichment of uranium will result in a significant increase in depleted UF6 tails produced in the U.S.

A new commercial concept for an environmentally friendly de-conversion process is currently being advanced. The process design extracts high purity fluoride from the depleted tails using their patented process. This process is environmentally-friendly, energy saving, and it allows new and useful products to be created as a result.

A Brief Overview of Nuclear Fuel Cycle

To understand the meaning of depleted uranium and de-conversion, it is useful to have an overview of the nuclear fuel cycle.
A form of uranium, enriched in the U235 isotope, is used as fuel in nuclear reactors. In order to use uranium as a nuclear fuel, it must first be enriched, as follows:

1. Uranium that is mined from the earth is converted into uranium oxide or yellow cake.

2. The yellow cake is converted to UF6 gas through a multi-step chemical process using various chemicals, including fluorine. In the process, the uranium is converted into UF6 gas.

3. The UF6 gas is passed through a enrichment process at an enrichment facility. In the enrichment process, the U235 atoms present in the UF6 gas are enriched significantly from their naturally-occurring levels.

4. The enriched UF6 is then processed into uranium oxide and fabricated into nuclear fuel.

5. However, about 90% of the UF6 emerges from the enrichment process as depleted UF6, or tails, in which the concentration of the U235 atom has been greatly reduced to the level that is not economically or feasibly useful for further enrichment to reactor fuel. The depleted UF6 tails mentioned in step 5 above have historically been stored in large steel cylinders and ignored for years, or even decades. In the U.S. alone, there is already in excess of 1.6 billion pounds of stored depleted UF6 stored in enough cylinders that if you were to line them up end-to-end they would stretch for more than 130 miles.
At the present time, a vast amount of the enriched uranium required to fuel the existing U.S. nuclear reactors actually is imported from overseas. There is, however, a significant shift in effect towards domestic commercial uranium enrichment. Therefore, the proper management and storage of these domestically-produced depleted UF6 tails will become an important issue confronting the nuclear industry.

Direct Disposal of Depleted Tails is Not Acceptable

Depleted UF6 is a chemical form of uranium that cannot be directly disposed because it is chemically reactive. Therefore, in order to dispose of depleted UF6, some or all of the fluorine must be removed in a de-conversion process. This de-conversion process changes the uranium to a non-reactive (or less-reactive) oxide state. In this new granular or powder, solid state, the depleted uranium can be disposed in approved and licensed low-level radioactive waste landfills.
Historically, there has been little or no economic incentive for de-conversion since the fluorine has effectively been wasted. However, the anticipated dramatic growth in U.S. commercial enrichment creates a need to address the management of depleted UF6 produced from commercial enrichment companies and the new de-conversion process can extract value.

A Green De-Conversion Solution for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Industry

The de-conversion process design is both environmentally-friendly and economically-valuable. The process utilizes a proprietary Fluorine Extraction Process (FEP) to produce high-purity fluoride gas. FEP can be used to produce a variety of economically-viable pure fluoride gases.

There are several aspects of this new depleted uranium de-conversion process that clearly demonstrate its role as a green solution for the front end of the nuclear fuel cycle.

First, de-conversion itself is effectively a recycling process in which valuable fluoride material is recovered from the depleted uranium.

Second, some of the products produced by fluorine extraction are used in manufacturing thin films and photovoltaic (PV) materials for solar applications.
Third, producing fluoride products using FEP will save millions of pounds of CO2 emissions because of the energy efficiency of this process compared to conventional production methods.

As the nuclear fuel enrichment process increasingly takes place on U.S. soil, the Fluorine Extraction Process will offer a solution which is both environmentally-friendly and economically-valuable.

Frugal Living And Interior Decorating

Some might think the title of this article; Frugal Living and Interior Decorating is an oxymoron; “a combination of contradictory words”. The truth is, when it comes to interior design and decorating, its not about what you have in your home that’s frugal but what you do with it.

Frugal living is not about denying yourself what is best for you and your loved ones, its about choosing quality in all life’s venues. Providing living comfort and beauty should be the standard in any home. Many turn to a professional interior designer. but for others the cost is prohibitive or considered too indulgent.

Today there is a more affordable, frugal living option. It’s called Redesign. These are decorators who are introducing a different approach to interior design that supports a frugal living life style.

Redesigners are experts at presenting new decorating ideas using your old stuff.

They enjoy the challenge of being invited into a home, going through each room, and then, introducing different ways to manipulate or update. Incorporating interior design tools like:

Furniture Placement – by changing the way people enter or exit a room can highlight different accents and give the entire space a totally different look and feel.

Furniture Manipulation – Exchanging pieces from room to room or dragging stuff in and out of storage to create new groupings.

De-cluttering – It’s amazing the space making and decorating difference it makes to remove things that are not beautiful or useful from a home.

Paint – watch what can be done with paint, in the hands of an expert.

What Redesigners do is give everything in your home a fresh eyed look. Having never seen these things before, what has become routine and drab to you, can be reinvented in ways you have never considered.

For example, take that old dresser left in the guest bedroom. Add some new drawer pulls and a new paint treatment and it will become an elegant dining room side board.

Do you a need for an desk in your home office? Let’s grab that beat up old exterior door and make one? Let’s add some glass, a creative support system, again that frugally affordable paint, and the end result can become a beautiful French country desk. Perfect for your home office.

You’ll be amazed when you see what can be done with an old bookcase, or a collection of seashells. and tired tools and toys. Redesigners are experts in regrouping, reorganizing, re-imagining and re-cycling.

No matter what your frugal living budget may be you don’t need to look at interior decorating as an indulgence. It’s a great way to redecorate your home without spending a lot of money!

Ensure Energy Efficiency In Your Home By Getting A Home Energy Assessment

Home energy assessment refers to the process of inspection, survey and estimation of the flow of energy in a particular building. This activity is carried out with the intent to reduce the amount of energy consumed in a building. Special emphasis is given to the fact that the resultant solution does not cause any negative effect on the output energy.

The process of energy audit is done by a professional, who surveys the heating, ventilation and air-conditioning or HVAC system of a residence. Advanced equipment like infrared cameras and blower doors are utilized to determine the appropriate solution for an effective heating and cooling of the house. Such services can be easily availed from an expert heating contractor. Their professionals carry out a thorough inspection of the entire building, beginning with the walls, ceilings & floors to doors, windows and skylights. While carrying out the process of surveying, all the places of leakage and points of infiltration of air are taken into consideration. The audit also takes into account the physical condition and efficiency of the various mechanical systems of the house. These may include the heating, air conditioning and ventilation equipment.

The assessment is made while keeping in mind factors like the local climate, roof overhang, solar orientation and the energy consumption of the house like electricity, natural gas or other energy sources. Apart from surveying the heating, cooling and ventilation systems of a premise, there are other factors that these experts take into account. These include the size of the premise where the system is to be installed, the age of the building and the renovation done to the same. Size of the premise matters a lot, as a large air conditioner will be unable to efficiently dehumidify the air, whereas a small HVAC system will be ineffective in creating comfortable conditions inside the premises. Based on such findings a heating contractor suggests remedial solutions to improve the energy consumption of the building, without making a compromise on the energy output.

The solutions offered by these experts also include Westchester heating services like furnace installation, boilers, radiant flooring, heat pumps and hybrid heat systems & geothermal systems. The cooling solutions, on the other hand, include installation of efficient and effective central air conditioning system together with cooling equipment. Maintenance and load calculations also form a part of the cooling solutions. Additionally, the cooling solutions are constituted by air filtration & humidification service and the ultraviolet light system.

Lounge Decorating Concepts

If you are seeking lounge decorating suggestions then you need to consider many points before you go shopping. These points comprise the area you have, the theme you are making an attempt to achieve, entertainment, finances, and far more.
Space is everything when you are pondering about lounge decorating ideas and ways to design your club. You need to figure out how many individuals it is possible to have in the bar at one time comfortably. This could depend on the seating, the size of the dance floor, how many game tables you can fit into the area, and far more. What do you want to do with your bar? Is your bar going to have darts, pool tables, foosball and other games to play or is it strictly music and dancing? This should assist you figure out if you have far more space.
When you have determined the idea of the bar after looking at lounge decorating ideas you will need to look at the furniture. Of course, you want to match the idea you are focusing on for your bar. The tables you may select might take up two times as much space as the other regular tables. This would result in much less seating places and perhaps much less clients.
Space additionally means you need to determine how big you wish the dance floor to be. You may have lounge decorating ideas that present quite little seating places simply because you determine that absolutely everyone will be dancing the entire time. This is not the case. If you have small seating places then clients could have no place to set their beverage if they do want to dance. This means that the dancers will not be buying drinks. Make sure that your dance floor doesnt take up the vast majority of the bar. You need space for the furniture.
If you are thinking about your lounge decorating ideas to consider on a sports theme and have pool tables, foosball, darts, and other activities for the clients then the space is essential additionally. Pool tables and foosball tables can take up quite a bit of space. Pool players prefer to have a table to sit at while they are playing additionally. Darts are a little different simply because the board should be mounted on the wall and the dart line is figured on the floor. If you would want to provide fun and sports for clients you need quite a bit of space or there could be only a few tables with clients battling to play on them. If you dont have the space then clients may keep in mind this and stop attending to your bar.

Top Tips For Furnishing Your Luxury Hotel

Furnishing a luxury hotel can seem like a daunting task. After all, top hotel customers expect their rooms to be beautiful, useful, and a pleasure during their stay. If the customer isn’t happy, woe unto hotel managers. There are a few useful tips in furnishing and decorating a luxury hotel room that can’t go wrong. >

Choose Your Paint Colours Wisely

While it is recommended to fill dining areas with brilliant reds, oranges, and yellows to induce appetite, hotel rooms require a far different palette. The guests’ rooms should be drenched in restful colours that create a peaceful aura. Off-whites and neutral tones, soft greys, muted golds, and silver patinas provide soothing feelings. The same goes for any tiles or wallpaper chosen.

Pay Attention to Furniture Choices

While spare, spindly, luxury furniture can be visually appealing and elegant, they do nothing for comfort. Choose pieces of furniture that offer comfort as well as aesthetic appeal. Rich brocades and embroidery are lovely and luxurious, but can just as well be chosen on furniture that is large and soft. Luxury furniture does not have to be uncomfortable. Remember that hotel rooms are for relaxation on a vacation or business trip, not simply a work of art to be looked upon.

Make sure that there is plenty of seating in your guest rooms. A single chair is not sufficient. Three or four chairs, whether you choose to match them perfectly or have mismatched coordination, will suffice for guests and anyone they might have visiting. Tables are also a necessity. Other than bedside tables, there should be a desk and at least one useful table in each room where guests can eat, read, and perform other tasks.

Don’t Go Stingy on Accessories

Throw pillows can add a great deal of beauty and appeal to a room without spending a large amount of money. Incorporate fabric throw pillows that have interest – embroidered fabric, tassels, or a fabric with sheen. These can sit on the bed as well as in any chairs.

The Importance of Fabrics

When choosing bedding and window treatments, consider how they will perform. Looking nice doesn’t matter if sheets are scratchy or draperies allow in too much light after dark. Choose bedding for your guest rooms in lush fabrics such as Egyptian cotton, satin, or raw silks, if you are going the expensive route. Window treatments should make a guest feel as if their room is a cocoon away from the chaotic world when the drapes are closed.

Arrange Beautiful Enticements for Guests

Bottles of wine and gourmet chocolates are not the only ways to please a guest immediately upon entering his or her room. Sometimes, a simple, crystal carafe of ice cold water can be the most welcome addition when a guest walks in from lengthy travel. Lightly-scented lotions and bath items such as bath salts, loofas, or bubble bath in a pretty bottle are wonderfully luxurious for a lady guest.

LigneRoset offer a range of contemporary, designer furniture, which can be seen here: http://www.ligne-roset.co.uk