The 12 Signs Of Zodiac And The Influence Of Planets

Signs are one of the languages of astrology. Zodiac signs or signs tells us people try and attempt to attain the goals ascertained by the nature of each of the planets. These zodiac signs are categorized into 12 signs that may be deemed as 12 categorizations of a persons character as well.

These 12 zodiac signs are amalgamation of expressed energy. This expressed energy is then categorized through their relationship to the four elements that we know of which are: water, fire, air and earth. Likewise this expressed energy is also categorized through their relationship to the three modes that are: birth, continuity of existence, transformation or death. Looking at these three modes one could figure out that these modes are related to the three phases or what we call stages in life of a person.

The language of astrology tells us that the first mode, which is the birth mode, is also the initiating phase. In this regard, birth mode is also called the cardinal mode. On the other hand, the second mode that is the continuity of existence mode is called the fixed mode while the transformative mode or the death mode where change is present is called the mutable mode.
The twelve zodiac signs are expressed by way of the four elements and the three modes; each sign has an element and a mode from which it defines an expressed energy.

The elements—water, fire, air and earth carries in each specific zodiacs. Water signs include the zodiacs: Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces. Zodiacs under the element of water personify emotional, receptive and sensitive traits.

Fire signs include Aries, Leo and Sagittarius zodiacs. Fire signs personify passionate, energetic, self-directing and assertive characters.

While air signs include zodiacs that personify mental, communicative and social characters such as Aquarius, Gemini and Libra; earth signs including Taurus, Virgo and Capricorn represents reliable, practical and very sensual personifications.

These personifications given are just some of the personifications that may be attributed and represented by the four elements and their relationship with the three modes. An entire book that discusses all these has already been written and thus could provide a more detailed interpretation to the zodiacs and the representations that they carry through their relationship with the four elements as well as the three modes.

But aside from the personifications, archetypes for each of the twelve zodiacs are also deemed by their relationships to the modes, and the elements. These archetypes are the following:

Aries archetypes include warrior, daredevil, pioneer, and survivor. Taurus archetypes are builder, earth spirit, musician, and conservationist; Gemini has archetypes that include teacher, storyteller, writer and Jack of all trades; Cancer has mother, nurturer, psychic or empress archetypes; Leo has performer, king or queen, comedian and child archetypes; Virgo has analyst, perfectionist, servant, and efficiency expert archetypes; Libra has diplomat, peacemaker, lover, or artist archetypes; Scorpio has detective, sorcerer, alchemist, or avenger archetypes while Sagittarius has student, philosopher, gypsy or visionary archetypes. However, Capricorns archetypes include hermit, emperor, strategist or achiever; Aquarius has revolutionary, nonconformist or genius archetypes and lastly, Pisces with high-priest/priestess, mystic, poet or martyr archetypes.

A Holly Jolly Holiday With Legoland Discovery Center And Sea Life Aquarium At Grapevine Mills Mall

Put on your brightest holiday sweater and come join LEGOLAND Discovery Center and Sea Life Grapevine Aquarium for some fun-filled activities during the month of December. Purchase combo-tickets to visit both attractions and enjoy Scuba Santa, pictures with Mrs. Claus and the elves, scavenger hunts and more!

“Seeing as the City of Grapevine is the ‘Christmas Capital of Texas,’ we felt it was only appropriate to celebrate at both LEGOLAND Discovery Center and Sea Life Aquarium,” said Iain Scouller, general manager of LEGOLAND Discovery Center and Sea Life Aquarium. “Our guests are guaranteed to have a great time with all of the fun, family-friendly activities we have planned for them to enjoy during their visit.”

Events for Sea Life and LEGOLAND Discovery Center

Scuba Santa
December 7, 10, 14, 17, & 21 at 2:00 p.m.
Sea Life – Ocean Tank
Come watch Santa dip and dive with our underwater animals. Experience Santa and friends take underwater diving to all new levels!

HOLLY JOLLY HOLIDAYS
Saturday, December 10 & 17 from 11:00 a.m. 4:00 p.m.
LEGOLAND Discovery Center
Mrs. Claus and an Elf will be at LEGOLAND Discovery Center, available for first-hand accounts of what really happens at the North Pole! Don’t forget your camera! Also enjoy a wide array of LEGO bricks for a special holiday build in the Duplo area next to the caf from 10:00 a.m. 5:00 p.m.

MINILAND Scavenger Hunt
December 1 30 during regular business hours
LEGOLAND Discovery Center – MINILAND
Pick up a scavenger hunt card and head to MINILAND to find Santa’s hidden presents. Turn in the answer key in the retail store to be entered in a prize drawing.

Ornament Building
Saturday, December 3, 10, 17, 24 from 10:00 a.m. 9:00 p.m.
Sunday, December 4, 11, 18 from 11:00 a.m. 6:00 p.m.
LEGOLAND Discovery Center & Sea Life Aquarium
With a donation of at least $1.00 to Merlin’s Magic Wand, guests receive a “Happy Holidays” card. Guests can take it to the LEGOLAND Discovery Center retail shop to show proof of donation and build your very own Holiday ornament to hang on our Christmas tree. (While supplies last)

Letters to Santa
December 7, 10, 14, 17 and 19-24 from 3:00 4:00 p.m.
Sea Life Touch Pool and LEGOLAND Discovery Center Caf
Come write your letter to Santa and put it in his special mailbox! All supplies needed are included.

Ticket Information
Pre-purchased tickets are highly recommended for the month of December. Standard ticket admission prices for LEGOLAND Discovery Center and Sea Life Aquarium range from $19 for adults (ages 13+), $15 for children 3-12 and free for kids 2 and under. Combination tickets to visit both attractions, $29 for adults and $23 for children. For more information visit the attraction websites at www.LEGOLANDDiscoveryCenter.com, www.SeaLifeUS.com or contact 469-444-3050.

Hybrid Cars For Energy Efficiency

A hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses two or more discrete power sources to propel the vehicle. Common power sources include:

On-board or out-board rechargeable energy storage system (RESS) and a fueled powA hybrid vehicle is a vehicle that uses two or more discrete power sources to propel the vehicle. Common power sources include:

On-board or out-board rechargeable energy storage system (RESS) and a fueled power source (internal combustion engine or fuel cell)

Air engine and internal combustion engines

Human powered bicycle with electric motor or gas engine assist

Human-powered or sail boat with electric power

The term most frequently refers to Hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) which comprises internal combustion engines and electric motors.

Early hybrid systems are being examined for trucks and other heavy highway vehicles with a few operational trucks and buses initial to come into use. The chief barrier seem to be smaller fleet sizes and the extra costs of a hybrid system are yet remunerated for by fuel savings, but with the price of oil set to persist on its upward trend, the tipping point might be reached by the end of 2008. Advances in technology and lesser battery cost and higher capacity etc. urbanized in the hybrid car industry are already filtering into truck use as Toyota, Ford, GM and others initiate hybrid pickups and SUVs. Kenworth Truck Company lately introduced a hybrid-electric truck, called the Kenworth T270 Class 6 that for city usage appear to be competitive. FedEx and others are preparatory to invest in hybrid delivery type vehiclesmainly for city use where hybrid technology may pay off first. The U.S. military is inspecting hybrid Humvees and other vehicles.

When the term hybrid vehicle is used, it normally refers to a Hybrid electric vehicle. These cover such vehicles as the AHS2 (Chevrolet Tahoe, GMC Yukon, Chevrolet Silverado, Cadillac Escalade, and the Saturn Vue), Toyota Prius, Toyota Camry Hybrid, Ford Escape Hybrid, Toyota Highlander Hybrid, Honda Insight, Honda Civic Hybrid and others. A petroleum-electric hybrid normally uses internal combustion engines and electric batteries to control electric motors. There are loads of types of petroleum-electric hybrid drivetrains, from Full hybrid to Mild hybrid, which proffer varying merits and demerits.
While liquid fuel/electric hybrids in the late 1800s, the braking regenerative hybrid was invented by David Arthurs, an electrical engineer from Springdale, Arkansas in 1978-79. His home-converted Opel GT was reported to get as much as 75MPG and plans are still sold to this novel design, and the “Mother Earth News” customized version on their website.

Hybrid fuel (dual mode)

Additionally, vehicles that use two or more different devices for propulsion, some also deem vehicles that use discrete energy sources or input types (“fuels”) using the same engine to be hybrids, even though to avoid confusion with hybrids as described above and to use in the approved manner the terms, these are perhaps more suitably described as dual mode vehicles:

A few electric trolleybuses can switch between an on board diesel engine and
Overhead electrical power depending on circumstances (see dual mode bus). In principle, this could be pooled with a battery subsystem to create a true plug-in hybrid trolleybus, though as of 2006, no such design seems to have been announced.

Flexible-fuel vehicles can be able to use an assortment of input fuels (petroleum and biofuels) in one tank characteristically gasoline and bioethanol or biobutanol, though diesel-biodiesel vehicles would also meet the criteria.

Dual mode: Liquified petroleum gas and natural gas are diverse from petroleum or diesel and cannot be used in the identical tanks, so it would be unfeasible to build an (LPG or NG) flexible fuel system. As an alternative vehicles are built with two, parallel, fuel systems feeding one engine. While the replicated tanks cost space in some applications, the augmented range and flexibility where (LPG or NG) infrastructure is incomplete may be a noteworthy incentive to purchase.

Few vehicles have been modified to use another fuel source if it is available, such as cars customized to run on autogas (LPG) and diesels customized to run on waste vegetable oil that has not been processed into biodiesel.

Power-assist mechanisms for bicycles and additional human-powered vehicles are also integrated.

Fluid power hybrid

Hydraulic and pneumatic hybrid vehicles employ an engine to charge a pressure accumulator to drive the wheels through hydraulic or pneumatic (i.e. compressed air) drive units. The energy recovery rate is elevated and therefore the system is more efficient than battery charged hybrids, demonstrating a 60% to 70% increase in energy economy in EPA testing. Under tests performed by the EPA, a hydraulic hybrid Ford Expedition returned 32 mpgU.S. (7.35 L/100 km / 38.4 mpgimp) City, and 22 mpgU.S. (10.69 L/100 km / 26.4 mpgimp) highway

The most recent hybrid technology is the Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV). The PHEV is inclusive of a gasoline-electric hybrid whose battery pack (usually Li-ion) is upgraded to a superior capacity, which can be recharged by moreover a battery charger curved into the electrical grid or the gasoline engine (only if required). The car runs on battery power for the first 10 to 60 miles (16100 km), with the gasoline engine on hand for faster speeding up, etc.

After the battery is almost discharged, the car reverts to the gasoline engine to recharge the battery and/or return the car to the charging station. This may get around the fundamental barrier of battery range that has made nearly all pure electric cars impractical. Fuel rates, in principle, may be as low as 5 cents/mile. It’s not obvious yet whether converting an existing hybrid car will ever pay for itself in fuel savings.

The major problem is finding a good, cheap, high-energy battery packthe equivalent problem that has plagued the unpolluted electric car. If everyone plugged into the function grid to charge up their car this would seem to be just displacing the gasoline/diesel combustion crisis to the trait coal powered electrical generating plant. But, if cars were recharged tardy at night this would allow the base load of the electrical system to be more capable with a much more even base load and electrical power can also be generated by clean wind, hydro, tide power, etc. while most travel is regarding 30 miles/day this may be the cleanest personal transportation system at present available.

There is a “cottage” conversion industry for owner- existing hybrids, and more than a few huge auto industry groups (GM, Toyota, Mercedes etc.) plus the US Department of Energy are investigating this system. No chief car company (as of late 2007) offers PHEVs yet. The characteristic “cottage” industry conversion car is the Toyota Prius (cost of conversion $5k-$40k), as it is a full hybrid with sufficient power in its electrical system to maintain distinctive city speeds.

Fuel consumption and emissions reductions

The hybrid vehicle characteristically achieves greater fuel economy and lower emissions than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs), ensuing in fewer emissions being generated. These savings are mainly achieved by four elements of a typical hybrid design:

-Recapturing energy generally wasted during braking etc. (regenerative braking) this is a mechanism that condenses vehicle speed by converting some of its kinetic energy into a further helpful form of energy, particularly in stop-and-go traffic.

-having important battery storage capacity to store and recycle recaptured energy;

– shutting down the gasoline or diesel engine in traffic stops or while coasting or other idle periods;

– civilizing aerodynamics; A box shaped car or truck has to put forth more force to move through the air causing added stress on the engine making it toil harder. Improving the shape and aerodynamics of a car is a fine way to help better the gas mileage and also get better handling at the same time.

– By means of low rolling resistance tires; (tires these days are made to give a fine, smooth ride but hardly ever is efficiency taken into consideration. These tires cause a great pact of drag, once again making the engine toil harder, intense more gas mileage. Hybrid cars use special tires that are more exaggerated than regular tires and stiffer, which decreases the drag by about half, humanizing fuel economy by mitigating stress of the engine.

– relying on mutually the gasoline (or diesel engine) and the electric motors for peak power requires ensuing in a smaller gasoline or diesel engine sized more for normal usage rather than peak power usage.

These features make a hybrid vehicle chiefly efficient for city traffic where there are recurrent stops, coasting and idling periods. Besides noise emissions are condensed, mainly at idling and low operating speeds, in similarity to conventional gasoline or diesel powered engine vehicles. For constant high speed highway use these features are much less helpful in reducing emissions.er source (internal combustion engine or fuel cell)

Air engine and internal combustion engines

Human powered bicycle with electric motor or gas engine assist

Human-powered or sail boat with electric power

The term most frequently refers to Hybrid-electric vehicle (HEV) which comprises internal combustion engines and electric motors.

Early hybrid systems are being examined for trucks and other heavy highway vehicles with a few operational trucks and buses initial to come into use. The chief barrier seem to be smaller fleet sizes and the extra costs of a hybrid system are yet remunerated for by fuel savings, but with the price of oil set to persist on its upward trend, the tipping point might be reached by the end of 2008. Advances in technology and lesser battery cost and higher capacity etc. urbanized in the hybrid car industry are already filtering into truck use as Toyota, Ford, GM and others initiate hybrid pickups and SUVs. Kenworth Truck Company lately introduced a hybrid-electric truck, called the Kenworth T270 Class 6 that for city usage appear to be competitive. FedEx and others are preparatory to invest in hybrid delivery type vehiclesmainly for city use where hybrid technology may pay off first. The U.S. military is inspecting hybrid Humvees and other vehicles.

When the term hybrid vehicle is used, it normally refers to a Hybrid electric vehicle. These cover such vehicles as the AHS2 (Chevrolet Tahoe, GMC Yukon, Chevrolet Silverado, Cadillac Escalade, and the Saturn Vue), Toyota Prius, Toyota Camry Hybrid, Ford Escape Hybrid, Toyota Highlander Hybrid, Honda Insight, Honda Civic Hybrid and others. A petroleum-electric hybrid normally uses internal combustion engines and electric batteries to control electric motors. There are loads of types of petroleum-electric hybrid drivetrains, from Full hybrid to Mild hybrid, which proffer varying merits and demerits.
While liquid fuel/electric hybrids in the late 1800s, the braking regenerative hybrid was invented by David Arthurs, an electrical engineer from Springdale, Arkansas in 1978-79. His home-converted Opel GT was reported to get as much as 75MPG and plans are still sold to this novel design, and the “Mother Earth News” customized version on their website.

Hybrid fuel (dual mode)

Additionally, vehicles that use two or more different devices for propulsion, some also deem vehicles that use discrete energy sources or input types (“fuels”) using the same engine to be hybrids, even though to avoid confusion with hybrids as described above and to use in the approved manner the terms, these are perhaps more suitably described as dual mode vehicles:

A few electric trolleybuses can switch between an on board diesel engine and
Overhead electrical power depending on circumstances (see dual mode bus). In principle, this could be pooled with a battery subsystem to create a true plug-in hybrid trolleybus, though as of 2006, no such design seems to have been announced.

Flexible-fuel vehicles can be able to use an assortment of input fuels (petroleum and biofuels) in one tank characteristically gasoline and bioethanol or biobutanol, though diesel-biodiesel vehicles would also meet the criteria.

Dual mode: Liquified petroleum gas and natural gas are diverse from petroleum or diesel and cannot be used in the identical tanks, so it would be unfeasible to build an (LPG or NG) flexible fuel system. As an alternative vehicles are built with two, parallel, fuel systems feeding one engine. While the replicated tanks cost space in some applications, the augmented range and flexibility where (LPG or NG) infrastructure is incomplete may be a noteworthy incentive to purchase.

Few vehicles have been modified to use another fuel source if it is available, such as cars customized to run on autogas (LPG) and diesels customized to run on waste vegetable oil that has not been processed into biodiesel.

Power-assist mechanisms for bicycles and additional human-powered vehicles are also integrated.

Fluid power hybrid

Hydraulic and pneumatic hybrid vehicles employ an engine to charge a pressure accumulator to drive the wheels through hydraulic or pneumatic (i.e. compressed air) drive units. The energy recovery rate is elevated and therefore the system is more efficient than battery charged hybrids, demonstrating a 60% to 70% increase in energy economy in EPA testing. Under tests performed by the EPA, a hydraulic hybrid Ford Expedition returned 32 mpgU.S. (7.35 L/100 km / 38.4 mpgimp) City, and 22 mpgU.S. (10.69 L/100 km / 26.4 mpgimp) highway

The most recent hybrid technology is the Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV). The PHEV is inclusive of a gasoline-electric hybrid whose battery pack (usually Li-ion) is upgraded to a superior capacity, which can be recharged by moreover a battery charger curved into the electrical grid or the gasoline engine (only if required). The car runs on battery power for the first 10 to 60 miles (16100 km), with the gasoline engine on hand for faster speeding up, etc.

After the battery is almost discharged, the car reverts to the gasoline engine to recharge the battery and/or return the car to the charging station. This may get around the fundamental barrier of battery range that has made nearly all pure electric cars impractical. Fuel rates, in principle, may be as low as 5 cents/mile. It’s not obvious yet whether converting an existing hybrid car will ever pay for itself in fuel savings.

The major problem is finding a good, cheap, high-energy battery packthe equivalent problem that has plagued the unpolluted electric car. If everyone plugged into the function grid to charge up their car this would seem to be just displacing the gasoline/diesel combustion crisis to the trait coal powered electrical generating plant. But, if cars were recharged tardy at night this would allow the base load of the electrical system to be more capable with a much more even base load and electrical power can also be generated by clean wind, hydro, tide power, etc. while most travel is regarding 30 miles/day this may be the cleanest personal transportation system at present available.

There is a “cottage” conversion industry for owner- existing hybrids, and more than a few huge auto industry groups (GM, Toyota, Mercedes etc.) plus the US Department of Energy are investigating this system. No chief car company (as of late 2007) offers PHEVs yet. The characteristic “cottage” industry conversion car is the Toyota Prius (cost of conversion $5k-$40k), as it is a full hybrid with sufficient power in its electrical system to maintain distinctive city speeds.

Fuel consumption and emissions reductions

The hybrid vehicle characteristically achieves greater fuel economy and lower emissions than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs), ensuing in fewer emissions being generated. These savings are mainly achieved by four elements of a typical hybrid design:

-Recapturing energy generally wasted during braking etc. (regenerative braking) this is a mechanism that condenses vehicle speed by converting some of its kinetic energy into a further helpful form of energy, particularly in stop-and-go traffic.

-having important battery storage capacity to store and recycle recaptured energy;

– shutting down the gasoline or diesel engine in traffic stops or while coasting or other idle periods;

– civilizing aerodynamics; A box shaped car or truck has to put forth more force to move through the air causing added stress on the engine making it toil harder. Improving the shape and aerodynamics of a car is a fine way to help better the gas mileage and also get better handling at the same time.

– By means of low rolling resistance tires; (tires these days are made to give a fine, smooth ride but hardly ever is efficiency taken into consideration. These tires cause a great pact of drag, once again making the engine toil harder, intense more gas mileage. Hybrid cars use special tires that are more exaggerated than regular tires and stiffer, which decreases the drag by about half, humanizing fuel economy by mitigating stress of the engine.

– relying on mutually the gasoline (or diesel engine) and the electric motors for peak power requires ensuing in a smaller gasoline or diesel engine sized more for normal usage rather than peak power usage.

These features make a hybrid vehicle chiefly efficient for city traffic where there are recurrent stops, coasting and idling periods. Besides noise emissions are condensed, mainly at idling and low operating speeds, in similarity to conventional gasoline or diesel powered engine vehicles. For constant high speed highway use these features are much less helpful in reducing emissions.

Tips Of Furniture Restoration When Planning For A Refurnishing Of Home

You think that your furniture needs to be repaired and restored to match with the new dcor of your room? There can be nothing more fun and exciting than to refurnish your rooms in accordance to your liking and choice. But furniture repair and restoration is not always easy as it also demands for professional guidance and experience to ensure proper design and customization as per your need. Many times it is seen that people try repairing wooden furniture at home or with help of some amateur technician which leads to more problems and destruction of the stuff. It is therefore always suggested that you take the help of a professional furniture restoration company that has the best experts who are skilled and updated about the latest trends and procedures of repairing and restoration.

As you take the help of a reputed and recognized organization, here we bring for you some of the effective furniture restoration tips that you should stay knowledgeable about to have your furniture in good shape for long. Make sure to research and learn all that you can about the furniture before planning to have it restored and repaired. Each furniture has its unique characteristics that need to be maintained rightly in order to avail maximum benefits. Australian Made Furniture also has its distinct features which if ignored will have the stuff damaged and destroyed. Hence grasp in as much information as you can about that particular furniture type to have a successful furniture restoration that suits your room dcor perfectly.

Consult beforehand with an experienced and reputed organization to get free advice and suggestion about the right way to have your furniture restored and repaired. He will be able to provide you with an experienced view and latest trends, equipments and style that you can opt for if it suits your requirement. Try to visualize your room in the way you want and tell your restoration help about exactly what and how you want your room to look. It will be easier for him to guide or assist you in furniture restoration process better. You can even add or remove some small furnishing stuffs to give your home a complete new look that catches the eye instantly and spontaneously. If you have American made furniture or any special type of furnishing stuffs, let your interior decorator know about it beforehand so that he can suggest you the best solution to it, be it restoration, repair or customization.

Apart from the above stated restoration guidelines, there are some more suggestions that you should maintain to follow to keep your furniture safe from extreme weather conditions such as humidity, sunrays etc. To keep your favored Furniture Toowoomba unharmed, arrange for a vaporizing unit that will help keep your stuffs stabilized. On the other hand, in summer days make sure that the furniture are not placed directly under the sunrays as the ultraviolet rays cause tremendous damage to wooden stuffs such as loss of shine, burns etc. Last but not the least, it is very essential that you clan your furniture regularly so that it stays away from dust and dirt which is one of the prime reasons to affect the shine, glamour and other damages in the long run. Refurnish your room in the best way so that it reflects not only your taste but also a flavor and signature with a cozy feel of comfort.

Server Room Temperature Control Tips

The worst way to find out that your server room temperature is not optimum can be a sudden server shut down because of over heating. Although you can always do the damage control and get servers back online in a short time, the sudden disruption could cost you greatly in terms of business efficiency and productivity. It makes good business sense to be prepared for worst situations, but it is even more important to take proper measures to prevent such things from occurring in the first place.

To maintain smooth and efficient functioning of server equipment, maintaining the right ambient temperature is very important. You will get optimum performance and disruption free operation of a server only if proper temperature is maintained in the server room. Although it is well known that servers need air conditioning, the matter doesnt end here. How much air conditioning is required and what is the right temperature to be maintained, are questions, which must be answered to prevent any unexpected server crashes.

Ideally, the server room should have a temperature of 65F to 75F. This will ensure that your equipment works at its peak performance at all times. You will need a reliable and efficient air conditioning system to maintain the server room temperature in the right range.

Central air conditioning in your entire office, no matter how effective, will not suffice to take care of your server room needs. That is because thermostat dependent air conditioning will not guarantee proper cooling in the server room. The server may still overheat when the cooling dips. It is wise to invest in a separate air conditioning unit for your server room, so that you can be assured of ambient temperature, irrespective of how hot or cold the rest of the rooms in your office get.

Another important thing to keep in mind is that different server units can heat up to different levels. What works for one type of unit may not be ideal for another. When you decide on the right temperature for your server room, make sure to take into consideration the needs of each equipment located there.

Dust control is also a critical aspect of maintaining servers at the right temperature. When dust settles in the equipment, the cool air from outside is prevented from reaching the over heated components of the machinery thereby rendering even the best cooling system ineffective. Regular dusting combined with periodic professional server room cleaning can help keep the air filters clear and allow your air conditioning to do its job effectively.

Lastly, monitor the temperature in the server room and make sure to tune it in line with the load and atmospheric conditions. For instance, its best to turn down the cooling in December when the outside temperatures are quite low, and increase the cooling in summers when the temperatures are higher outside. Monitoring and regulating the cooling to match the actual requirement will keep your servers running smoothly and also save you money on energy costs.

About The Aquablock Fish Tanks & Aquariums

The AQUABLOCK, a glass fish aquarium, was created based upon the desire to bring together a balance of nature, dcor, and the tranquility of aquatic life. These aquariums are small in size making them ideal for any desktop or tabletop. They are also portable and easy to clean because the colorful gravel is glued down, which makes the tanks perfect as a childs first pet. The AquaBlock fish aquariums offer a variety of options to customize and personalize each tank.

Betta fish swim easily in our desktop sized tanks. Also referred to as “Japanese Fighting Fish” or “Puddle Fish,” Betta are appealing to people because of their large flowing, colorful fins. These enchanting fins can be irresistible to other fish that may be tempted to take a nibble. So, keeping a Betta in its own tank is not mean or punishment, but can be helpful to a Bettas survival. Betta fish belong to the group Anabantoids, or “air-breathing.” This air breathing feature is unique and is absent in most other fish. Their air breathing organ allows the Betta to live in low oxygenated water. They swim to the surface and actually take a breath through its mouth, which then passes air over its labyrinth organ at the base of its gills where the air is extracted enabling the fish to breath.

There have been many studies that indicate there are health benefits to having fish, or pet, in the home. Researchers at the State University of New York, Buffalo studied the outcome of pet ownership in 48 stockbrokers being treated for hypertension. 24 of the stockbrokers received a pet and the results found a significant reduction in their high blood pressure, a larger reduction than in those who did not receive a pet. “Most studies show a direct benefit from stroking a pet, for example, but this one goes a step further in that the act of owning a pet lowered blood pressure,” says Alan Entin, Ph.D., past president of the division of family psychology of the American Psychological Association. Published in the Journal for Occupational Health Psychology, one study reviewed businesses that allow pets vs. businesses that do not. The results show signs that pets actually improved the work environment, and amplified the employees mental health and mood.

The benefits are endless – The AquaBlock makes a great gift with multiple, custom design options in order to create the perfect glass fish tank for any child or busy office. The AQUABLOCKs are decorative, desktop sized tanks (8”H x 8”L x 3”W) that couldnt be easier to clean. NO filters, NO pumps, NO mess! All aquariums are hand crafted making no two the same and come with a custom carrying case.

Visit our online showroom today at www.theaquablock.com!

Moving to a More Biofriendly Future Hybrid Big Rigs Hit the Road

History was made recently, when retail giant Wal-Mart took delivery of its first hybrid Class 8 big rig. The model 386 hybrid truck is the result of a joint effort between the Texas-based Peterbilt Motors Company, Eaton Corporation and Wal-Mart. Peterbilt has the truck-building expertise, while Eaton has developed the parallel hybrid system. The project was supported by Wal-Mart, which owns the nations second largest private fleet of trucks.

The hybrid system charges the vehicles batteries when the engine is idling, or when the brakes are applied. This stored energy is later used to power an electric motor, either to supplement the diesel engines power or even to move the vehicle all by itself under certain conditions. Based on the current price of diesel fuel, estimated annual savings are around $9,000 per vehicle. In addition to fuel savings, the hybrid is expected to require less maintenance, because of the reduced wear and tear on engine and brakes.

At third-party tests, the Eaton Hybrid Power System has typically shown a 5-7 percent fuel savings compared to non-hybrid models. During idling, fuel savings can be considerable. The batteries can be charged in minutes and the diesel engine needs to run only about five minutes of every hour to keep them fully charged, according to Peterbilt Chief Engineer Landon Sproull. (1)

Peterbilt, Eaton and Wal-Mart are to be applauded for helping to make the environment more biofriendly. Wal-Mart plans to replace its Peterbilt 386 big rigs with the hybrid version of the same model by 2009, potentially saving millions of gallons of fuel every year.

Kenworth and DAF, both sister companies of Peterbilt, are also presenting hybrid big rig trucks, as is Mitsubishi.

So, the green movement is gathering momentum. While a pollution-free environment and abundant energy are still a long way off, the hybrid big rigs are a move in that direction. Many other innovations will be needed, but as fuel prices keep rising, we can expect to see more and more practical ways of saving energy.

Fuel economy is a vital factor in todays world, as reducing fuel consumption will help to contain costs, improve air quality and reduce our dependency on foreign fossil fuels. One company that contributes to a greener planet is Biofriendly Corporation, whose liquid fuel catalyst Green Plus causes fuel in internal combustion engines to burn more completely and thereby reduces fuel consumption and harmful emissions.

References: (1) http://www.peterbilt.com/index_new_mor.asp?file=2100

The Tradition Of Kalamkari Paintings

Kalamkari has been derived from two Hindi words, which are kalam and kari meaning kalam and art work. Therefore, kalamkari refers to artwork that is done using a pen. Kalamkari paintings are very popular in India and this art has been practiced since ages. To get the designs on cloth vegetable dyes are employed. In many parts of India, this style of painting in which organic dyes are applied on cloth was very popular. However, this style grew rapidly in places like Masulipatnam and Kalahasti in south India.

The tradition of Kalamkari mainly comprises various scenes from the pages of Hindu mythology. The artwork depicted figures of Hindu gods and goddesses, with ornate and embellished borders to decorate temples. Weavers in Masulipatnam were more fond of block printing and on the other hand a group of Balojas in Kalahasti who made bangles took an interest to this art. Due to Muslim reign in Golconda, Kalamkari in Masulipatnam was largely influenced by all kinds of Persian designs and motifs. These designs were adapted in order to suit the taste of Indian people. All the main features and the outlines are made by using good hand-carved blocks. The finer parts of the detailing are done later on with the help of a pen.

After Britain took over India, the designs of this art and even the type of fabric were changed. There were different styles for both furnishings as well as garments. During the period of British rule, floral designs were more in demand and thus the artisans kept to the popularity. They also attempted to create portraits of men from England on cloth. In case of the Kalahasti tradition that flourished around the temple area, mostly used themes from Hindu epics like Mahabharata and Ramayana, mythology, and images of heroes and Gods. The artists made use of a date palm or a bamboo stick with one pointed. To this end, a cluster of fine hair would be attached and it served as a pen or a brush.

Traditionally organic dyes were used to makes the paintings. The dyes were extracted from various leaves, roots, plants, as well as mineral salts of alum, copper, iron, and tin. Another segment of Kalamkari painting is the Karrupur style, which developed during the rule of the Maratha in the Thanjavur area. Along with gold embellishment on brocade, the Kalamkari style was added as well. The royal family during the times or Raja Shivaji and Raja Sarfoji wore dhotis and saris that flaunted such a style.

Introduce a touch of kalamkari furnishings in your home to make it look grander.

Ergonomic Science Of Work Physiology & Work Demands

Work physiology is the science that studies how the human body responds to the physical stress of work or activity demands. These physiological responses are important in maintaining homeostasis in the body during work activities and reducing the adverse effects of physiological fatigue due to work. Homeostasis is defined as the maintenance of a constant or changing environment. In practical terms, it refers to the relatively constant internal environment of the human body during both stressed and relaxed conditions, due to many regulating anatomical and physiological systems. These organ systems and physiological responses regulate cellular metabolism, energy production, cellular waste product removal, voluntary muscle control, and the flow of blood and oxygen to working muscles. An understanding of the role of major organ systems in the human body during work activities and the relationships between work intensity and recovery intervals is essential to the science of ergonomics.

Metabolism
To accomplish work, the body requires energy, oxygen and nutrients. The human body consumes and uses carbohydrate, fat and protein nutrients to provide the required energy to maintain homeostasis both at rest and during work activity. During work, the primary nutrients utilized are fats and carbohydrates, with proteins contributing less than 5-15% of the total energy used. These nutrients, after having been converted to chemicals, enter the blood stream and circulate to the various internal organs and muscles. At the muscle sites, this chemical energy is converted into mechanical energy, or a muscle contraction, and heat. This process is known as metabolism.

Working muscle requires a constant supply of energy. The fundamental source of energy for these contractions is the high-energy Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) molecule. The ATP molecule is the most important energy carrying molecule in the muscle cell. The ATP compound consists of three parts: adenosine molecule, a ribose molecule and three phosphate molecules linked together by chemical bonds. The bonds linking the phosphate molecules are high-energy bonds and when these bonds are broken, large amounts of energy are released. This energy is then used for muscle contractions. The energy can be liberated from the ATP molecule by a process known as phosphorylation. This metabolic process is shown below. Phosphorylation is the process in which the Adenosine Triphosphate molecule is broken down by the enzyme ATPase into Adenosine Diphosphate (ADP), a phosphate molecule (Pi) and energy.
Aerobic Metabolism
The Adenosine Triphosphate needed for muscle work can be produced from either aerobic (with oxygen) metabolism or from anaerobic (without oxygen) metabolism. The aerobic metabolism of nutrients refers to the oxidation of glucose or glycogen molecules and fatty acids to form ATP, this process is called aerobic glycolysis. This metabolic pathway requires a continuous supply of blood in order to provide ongoing oxygen and nutrients.

A cardiovascular response to increased workload is to increase the amount of blood flowing to active muscle. However, it can take almost one minute for this response to be activated. Therefore, at the onset of most industrial tasks, or in cases of quick-high intensity tasks, it is not always possible to have adequate blood flow available to working muscles. When this occurs, the muscles switch to anaerobic metabolism.

Anaerobic Metabolism
The muscle cells can produce Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) or energy, without oxygen (anaerobic metabolism) by two methods: the first method is to break high-energy phosphate bonds in Creatine Phosphate (CP) molecules. The second method is by a process known as anaerobic glycolysis. Under anaerobic conditions, the simplest and thus immediate source of energy is through the use or production of the Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) molecule by breaking high-energy phosphate bonds in the Creatine Phosphate (CP) molecule. The CP molecule donates a phosphate(P) to an ADP molecule to create an ATP molecule and energy. Creatine Kinase is the enzyme that initiates this reaction in the muscle

The second anaerobic metabolic process for energy synthesis is called anaerobic glycolysis. This process also generates a limited amount of energy, but does so by breaking the chemical bonds in the breakdown of glucose to lactic acid. Anaerobic glycolysis can only produce enough ATP or usable energy for a few minutes. In this method, however, the supply of CP is quickly depleted in under 1 minute. Anaerobic glycolysis provides energy for up to four minute. Only the aerobic glycolysis process can provide a sustained supply of energy to working muscles. With both anaerobic processes, work can only be sustained for short periods because is a limited supply of available ATP and CP molecules in the muscle cells

Muscle Fatigue
When skeletal muscle is continually stimulated, the force or tension that is developed by the muscle fibers diminishes. This failure of muscle fiber to maintain tension as a result of contractile activity is known as muscle fatigue. The onset of fatigue depends on both the type of skeletal muscle fibers as well as the intensity and duration of the muscle contractions. The red muscle fibers, or the -slow twitch- fibers appear to have better blood flow and therefore oxygen supply to maintain aerobic metabolism. In the slow twitch muscle fibers, fatigue develops more slowly. These muscles fibers are used mostly during long duration, low intensity activities. The white muscle fibers, also called -fast twitch- fibers, appear to rely more upon anaerobic metabolism. These fibers fatigue more rapidly, and are used more for short duration, high intensity activities. The development of muscle fatigue corresponds to four events that occur in working muscles:

1.)The depletion of the concentration of ATP. The rate of ATP utilization exceeds the rate of production. The muscle cannot contract without ATP.
2.)Increased amounts of intracellular acidity due to the rise in lactic acid levels. This increased hydrogen ion concentration affects the contractile proteins of the muscle fibers, decreasing the force generated by the muscle fibers.
3.)The depletion of muscle glycogen levels. As the amount of available glycogen diminishes, the muscle can no longer sustain a contraction.
4.)Levels of other metabolic waste products, including Carbon Dioxide, increase within muscle cells. If levels of acid and carbon dioxide waste products build up, this will slow aerobic metabolism, resulting in less efficient metabolism.

If muscle fatigue sets in and the muscle is no longer able to sustain work efficiently, the muscle becomes overloaded resulting in micro trauma to the muscle fibers. If this fatigue and overloading is repetitive or long term in nature the resulting microtrauma becomes cumulative and pathology or injury occurs. Local muscle fatigue is suspect to contribute to work-related Cumulative Trauma Disorders. In order to avoid the adverse effects of muscle fatigue, a sufficient supply or flow of blood to the working muscles is critical.

Since aerobic metabolism generates almost 20 times as much ATP for energy as does anaerobic energy, the effects of muscle fatigue can be minimized by ensuring work load intensity is low enough so that adequate oxygenation, or blood flow to the active working muscles is achieved. If heavy workloads are required, they should be brief in duration, lasting less than a few seconds or minutes, which reduces the effects of prolonged anaerobic metabolism, and maximizes metabolic efficiency.

Summary
The most important factor in ergonomic job design or modification is to promote aerobic metabolism and adequate blood flow, resulting in a high metabolic efficiency. This will maintain adequate blood flow to working muscles, prevent fatigue and allow maximal performance. Dynamic muscle contractions are always preferred over static muscle loading situations. Work-rest cycles should provide sufficient recovery times to sufficiently perfuse active muscles with blood. Jobs should be designed or modified to minimize or reduce the requirements for static contractions, such as static grips, extended reaches and extreme postures.

Importance Of Aquarium Screen Saver

Users of computer application should know that aquarium screensaver is a computer program which is designed for avoiding phophor or burn-in on the crt and computer monitors by having blank screen and filling the screen with movable images when the computer infact is not in use. One should have the information that the aquarium screensaver are basically used as entertaiment and security purposes. Befor e the introduction of lcd screens in the market, many of the computer screen are made up of cathode ray tubes which were used by consumers. In this way when the crt screen remained fouced with phosphor coating lying on the inner portion of the screen for longer period, certain changes started emerging as result dark shadow and ghost image on the screen started to appear. Seeing this one starts assuming that cathode ray television, oscilloscopes and many other devices having their usages in crt become more prone to phopshor burn in as seen in the case of plasma displays.

So aquarium screensaver programmes were introduced in the market for avoiding these bad effects through automatic changes in the screen when the user is not using the system. Such cases may appear in crts used in many public properties like atm and railway ticketing machines. Even in earlier machines same problems were there but iwth different scenario like it will show please insert your card, which is happening when the machine is already on. So avoid this risk burn-in is removed by chaning the position of the display contents after every few seconds or one can do this by knowing the number of differnt images which can changed continuously.

Aquarium screensaver taken as misnomer which helps in saving the screen of any eletrical equipments. One can alsosave the screen by turning off the monitor of these devices especially in case of computers. One should know that aquarium screensaver may consume sometime amount of cpu titme. Such cases can be seen in busy servers. The features of the aquarium screensaver such as divert and entertain is basically have the usage for promotional activities as is c ase found in making buzz for any kind of event based products like feature films.